The smuggling of migrants poses a complex problem for criminal justice, international relations, and human rights. Most States have responded to this problem by creating criminal offences, tightening borders, building fences, denying entry to asylum seekers, and turning around or towing-away boats carrying refugees. Such measures fail to address the causes of irregular migration and often merely displace migration routes, push migrants into the hands of smugglers and into situations where their lives are at risk. This event explores the causes and circumstances of migrant smuggling and the rationale for criminalising irregular migration. It examines existing measures to combat migrant smuggling and discusses a range of options to promote safe and regular migration.
Chair: Professor Dr Andreas Schloenhardt, The University of Queensland
- Thomas Albrecht (UNHCR Regional Representative)
- Madeleine Gleeson or Jane McAdam (Senior Research Associate, Kaldor Centre for International Refugee Law, UNSW)
- Calogero Ferrara (Prosecutor, Antimafia Directorate, Palermo)
- Susanne Reindl-Krauskopf (Professor of Criminal Law, University of Vienna)
- Emil Stojanovski (Director, Transnational Crime Section, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade)
Roundtable discussion (invitation/registration only)
Key points for discussion:
- “Fortress Europe” and “Operation Sovereign Borders”: What are the main concerns regarding the closing of borders, the tightening of border controls and visa requirements?
- Preventing migrant smuggling: What can be done to stop migrants from using smugglers? What can be done to stop persons from engaging in smuggling?
- Promoting safe migration: Resettlement, protected entry procedures, embassy asylum procedures, “humanitarian smuggling”, private sponsorship of refugees.