Schloenhardt, Andreas, ‘The UN Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air 2000’, in P Hauck & S Peterke (eds), International Law and Transnational Organized Crime, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, 169–196

Curley, Melissa & Kahlia Vandyk, ‘The securitisation of migrant smuggling in Australia and its consequences for the Bali Process’ (2016) Australian Journal of International Affairs

Schloenhardt, Andreas, ‘From ‘Refugee Agent’ to ‘People Smuggler’: The Smuggling of Migrant in International and Austrian Law’, in Gabriele Anderl & Simon Usaty (eds), Schleppen, Schleusen, Helfen: Flucht zwischen Rettung und Ausbeutung, Vienna: Mandelbaum Verlag 2016, 487–501

Schloenhardt, Andreas & Hamish MacDonald, ‘Barriers to Ratification of the United Nations Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants’ (2016) 6 Asian Journal of International Law

Schloenhardt, Andreas, 'Flucht, Schlepperei und Fluchthilfe entlang der West-Balkan Route’, FES Perspektive, FES Budapest, 2015,

Schloenhardt, Andreas & Colin Craig, ‘Penalties and Punishment: People Smugglers before Australian Courts’ (2016) 40 Criminal Law Journal 92-109

Schloenhardt, Andreas & Colin Craig, ‘Prosecution of People Smuggling in Australia 2011-14’ (2016) 38(1) Sydney Law Review 49-83

Schloenhardt, Andreas, ‘Samariter, Schlepper, Straftäter: Fluchthilfe und Migrantenschmuggel im 21. Jahrhundert (2015) 65(25) Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte 38-43

UNODC, Migrant Smuggling in Asia: Current Trends and Related Challenges (Bangkok, 2015; authored by A Schloenhardt), available at

Schloenhardt, Andreas & Colin Craig, ‘“Turning Back The Boats”: Australia’s Interdiction of Irregular Migrants at Sea’ (2015) 27 International Journal of Refugee Law

Schloenhardt, Andreas: People Smuggling, Quick Reference Card, Sydney: LexisNexis, 2015

Schloenhardt, Andreas for UNODC, Migrant Smuggling in Asia, Bangkok: UNODC, 2015

Schloenhardt, Andreas & Thomas Cottrell, ‘Financing the Smuggling of Migrants into Australia’ (2014) 38 Criminal Law Journal 265–286

Schloenhardt, Andreas, Criminalizing the Smuggling of Migrants in International, European, and Austrian Law, Frankfurt (Main): Verlag für Polizeiwissenschaft, 2014

Curley, Melissa & Andreas Schloenhardt, ‘Undergraduate research and human rights: A case study on human trafficking and migrant smuggling’ (2014) 34(3) Council on Undergraduate Research Quarterly 24–29

Schloenhardt, Andreas & Connor Davies, ‘Smugglers and Samaritans: Defences to People Smuggling in Australia’ (2013) 36(3) UNSW Law Journal 954-

Schloenhardt, Andreas & Linley Ezzy, ‘Hadi Ahmadi and the Myth of the ‘People Smugglers’ Business Model’’ (2012) 38(3) Monash Law Review 120–147

Schloenhardt, Andreas & Kate Stacey, ‘Assistance and Protection of Smuggled Migrants: International Law and Australian Practice’ (2013) 35 Sydney Law Review 53-84

Schloenhardt, Andreas & Hadley Hickson, ‘Non-Criminalisation of Smuggled Migrants: Rights, Obligations, and Australian Practice under Article 5 of the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea, and Air’ (2013) 25(1) International Journal for Refugee Law

Schloenhardt, Andreas & Ellen Bevan, ‘To Ratify or Not to Ratify?  Exploring the Barriers to Wider Ratification of the Trafficking in Persons Protocol’ (2011) 9 New Zealand Yearbook of International Law

Schloenhardt, Andreas & Charles Martin, ‘Prosecution and Punishment of People Smugglers in Australia 2008–2011’ (2012) 40(1) Federal Law Review 111-140

Schloenhardt, Andreas & Jessica Dale: ‘Twelve Years On: Revisiting the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air’ (2012) 65(1) Zeitschrift für Öffentliches Recht/Journal of Public Law (Springer, Vienna)

Jolly, Jarrod M, ‘Fighting Crime or a Fight for Rights? Assessing the Human Rights Value of the UN Protocols on Trafficking in Persons and Migrant Smuggling’ (2011) 4(2) Queensland Law Student Review 103–118

Schloenhardt, Andreas & Jarrod Jolly: Migrant Smuggling in Pakistan: A Review of National Laws and Treaty Compliance, report for UNODC Country Office Pakistan, Islamabad, July 2010

Schloenhardt, Andreas: ‘Illegal Migration and Migrant Smuggling in the Asia Pacific: Balancing Regional Security and Human Rights’ in Melissa Curley & Wong Siu-Lun (ed), Security and Migration in Asia: The Dynamics of Securitisation, Londod: Routledge, 2008, 35–56

Schloenhardt, Andreas: Migrant Smuggling — Illegal Migration and Organised Crime in Australia and the Asia Pacific Region, Leiden & Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2003

Return to Migrant Smuggling Working Group page

Schloenhardt, Andreas, ‘International Instruments against Smuggling of Migrants and Trafficking in Persons — Challenges and Opportunities’, presentation at the Regional Expert Group Meeting on Irregular Migration, Islamabad, 6 June 2016

Schloenhardt, Andreas, ‘Smuggling of Migrants – Concepts, Criteria, and Contemporary Challenges’, presentation at the conference Migrants Smuggling, International Commission of Jurists, Bern, Switzerland, 3 June 2016

Schloenhardt, Andreas, ‘Samariter oder Straftäter: Zur Strafbarkeit von Fluchthilfe und Migrantenschmuggel’, presentation at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, 16 December 2015

Schloenhardt, Andreas, ‘Turning back the boats: Australia’s interdiction of irregular migrants at sea”: presentation at the conference Protection Elsewhere, but Where? National, Regional and Global Perspectives on Refugee Law, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 20 November 2015

Schloenhardt, ‘Schlepper: Fluchthelfer oder Kriminelle?’, book launch and presentation, University of Vienna, Austria, 3 November 2015

Schloenhardt, Andreas, “‘Turning Back the Boats’: Domestic Policies and International Law relating to Australia’s “War on People Smuggling”, paper presented at Bond University, Gold Coast, Australia, 13 March 2015

Schloenhardt, Andreas, ‘Vom Fluchthelfer zum Straftäter: Schlepperei im internationalen und österreichischen Strafrecht’, paper presented at the symposium Schleppen, schleusen, helfen: Flucht zwischen Rettung und Ausbeutung, Vienna, 13-15 October 2014

Schloenhardt, Andreas, ‘Refugee Flows and Smuggling of Migrants in Europe: Current Problems and Future Solutions’, keynote speech at the Sommerdiskurs 2014, University of Vienna, Strobl, 31 July 2014

Schloenhardt, Andreas, ‘Deterrence, Detention, and Denial: Australische Flüchtlingspolitik 1999–2014’, presentation at the Institut für Migrationsforschung, Universität Osnabrück, 13 February 2014

Schloenhardt, Andreas, ‘Smuggling of Migrants in National and International Law’, presentation at the University of Vienna, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, 9 Oct 2013

Schloenhardt, Andreas, ‘Migrant Smuggling by Boat to Australia’, paper presented at the conference Maritime Security Challenges, Victoria, BC, 2 Oct 2012

Schloenhardt, Andreas, ‘Migrant Smuggling and Organised Crime in Australia’, presentation at the conference Safeguarding Australia 2011, Canberra, ACT, 14 Sep 2011
Research paper [pdf]

Return to Migrant Smuggling Working Group page