Ever since the Native Title Act 1993 commenced, Australian law has provided explicit statutory rights to compensation for acts affecting native title. However, it was not until late 2016 that a court was asked to make a determination of compensation, and to discuss the principles that should be applied in doing so. My thesis concerns the challenge that compensating native title presents, offers a critique of the approach taken by the courts so far, and outlines a new path forward. Ultimately, I argue that the key challenge is striking the right balance between integrating native title compensation into an existing framework of principles (similitude) and the creation of a new approach that recognises the unique character of native title (sui generis).