From 2011 to 2015, Professor Aroney was an Australian Research Council Future Fellow. His research under the fellowship involved a systematic comparison of the Australian federal system with other systems of multi-level governance throughout North and South America, Europe and Asia. The purpose of the research is to identify the principles and values that should underlie the Australian federal system and show how they can apply to the interpretation and reform of the Australian Constitution.
Professor Aroney has published widely in the fields of constitutional law, comparative constitutional law and legal theory, including several books and numerous journal articles and book chapters. He speaks frequently at national and international conferences on these topics and has held visiting positions at several Australian and overseas universities. In 2012 he was a MacCormick Fellow at Edinburgh University's Europa Institute and a Visiting Fellow at the Institute of European and Comparative Law at Oxford University.
Professor Aroney was a recent recipient of an Australian Research Council Discovery Grant with Professor Patrick Parkinson of Sydney University for their project 'A Federation of Cultures? Innovative approaches to multicultural accommodation'. Their work examined how state and federal governments can better protect and support the values, beliefs and cultural practices of different cultural and religious groups, especially in matters concerning family life, community identity and freedom of conscience, within a framework of respect for human rights.
Professor Aroney is also a former editor of The University of Queensland Law Journal (2003-2005) and International Trade and Business Law Annual (1996-1998); past secretary of the Australian Society of Legal Philosophy and a current member of the Governing Council of the Australian Association of Constitutional Law. He is also a member of the editorial advisory board of Public Law Review. In 2013, he and the Hon Ian Callinan AC, a former justice of the High Court of Australia, undertook a review of the Crime and Misconduct Act for the Queensland Government.
Professor Aroney joined the Law School in 1995 after working with a major national law firm and acting as a legal consultant in the field of building and construction law.