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Darul commenced his PhD at the University of Queensland TC Beirne School of Law in April 2023. His doctoral research is fully funded by the Australian Government Research Training Program (RTP). Darul’s thesis focuses on examining the appropriate legal basis for the deployment of armed forces in domestic security operations in post-authoritarian countries. Ultimately, his research aims to formulate a framework to guide the use of armed forces in the domestic security domain for the protection of civilians in a fragile democratic country with a history of military abuse of power and institutional violence.

Darul obtained his LLB degree as Valedictorian from the Faculty of Law at the Universitas Syiah Kuala (Indonesia) in 2014. He also holds a Master of International Law and Master of International Relations from the University of Queensland (funded by the Australia Awards Scholarship) in 2019. Before joining UQ School of Law, Darul served as a bureaucrat in the Indonesian Ministry of Finance for over 16 years.

HDR Project Title: The Deployment of Armed Forces in Domestic Security Operations in Newly Democratic/Post-Authoritarian Countries: Indonesia Case Study

Principal Supervisor – Associate Professor Rebecca Ananian-Welsh, University of Queensland School of Law
Associate Supervisor – Professor Rain Liivoja, University of Queensland School of Law
Associate Supervisor – Dr Greta Nabbs-Keller, University of Queensland Centre for Policy Futures


  • Mahdi, Darul. 2020. “The Rise of China and The Division of ASEAN”. International Journal of Global Community 3 (2 July), 141 -57.