Any type of trafficking in persons may equally involve children who are trafficked, domestically or internationally, for sexual exploitation, domestic servitude, forced labour, removal of organs et cetera.  Child trafficking may also take the form of forced marriages, fraudulent adoptions, and organised begging. 

Evidence of child trafficking occurring in Australia is very limited and often contentious, with official sources, academic research, and advocacy groups disagreeing about the labelling of certain phenomena and individual cases as child trafficking.  This website documents the available information relating to trafficking in children in Australia.  Much of that information relates to the prostitution of Australian children, while there are little to no reports about trafficking in foreign children into Australia. In recent years, there have also been allegations about the trafficking of children through Australia’s inter-country adoption system.