‘Labour trafficking’ is a term used ‘fairly loosely to distinguish between those forms of trafficking in persons that involve exploitation of labour, as distinct from exploitation of prostitution’.[1]  The term is difficult to define as it may capture slavery-like situations of forced labour as well as instances of illegal and underpaid employment of foreign workers.  A report published by the Department of Immigration in 2005 remarked that:

It is important to note that the existence of people working illegally does not mean that they have been trafficked.  Similarly, individuals who find that their working conditions are different from those which they anticipated are not necessarily trafficked.[2]